Geography is the study of people and places and the interaction between them. It enables children to find out about the world around them both internationally and locally.
In Geography pupils develop their knowledge of diverse people, places and resources. They study both natural and human environments and compare their physical, social and economic forces which shape those places and the lifestyles of the people who live there. We study our local area of Pudsey and look at current geographic issues affecting this area. We extend these studies into the wider world. Each year the children build on their skills from the previous year. The children learn to use maps to locate cities, countries, mountain ranges, rivers, seas and oceans. They use atlases, photos and the internet to explore the environment and economics of those countries which they study. They then use the skills they have developed in literacy, numeracy and ICT to report and record their findings.
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Ways geography can be incorporated at home.
For younger children, the world is a big place and it’s best to start with things they know. Start by getting to know your immediate neighbourhood and recognizable landmarks such as your street, best friend’s house, their school, and other places you frequently visit like the grocery store, favourite restaurants, and shops. This helps build knowledge about a place they’re familiar with and when they’re ready, expand their horizons and incorporate adjacent towns and then to your state as they get older.
Take a road trip. It does not matter if you’re travelling five minutes or five hours but before you hop in the car, talk about where you’re going and how you’ll get there. Show your children where you live on a map and where your destination is in relation to where you live. This helps develop spatial sense and can serve as a way of introducing direction like north, south, east, and west. Keep an atlas in the car.
Think about Geography in terms of food. Have a favourite restaurant that serves a different kind of food? Visit that restaurant and bring an atlas to look at while you wait. Talk about where the country is in the world, what the capital is, geographic features like mountains and rivers, and maybe even ask your server about how the geography of the country impacts the flavour of your favourite dishes. You might be surprised to find out how the climate impacts what is grown in the country.